An eye doctor is a medical professional who provides eye services; this individual is a health care worker who offers eye care services. Eye doctors differ from those who have a post-secondary training to those with a level of education in doctorate. Their different types of eye doctors and they include the following: an optometrist who is an eye doctor of optometry. Optometrists are general eye doctors, who have passed via college training of four years in a college of optometry; they specialize in treatment and management of eye diseases and disorders.
Optometrists are not allowed to carry out surgery and also not to treat all types of eye diseases. They are trained to examine both the internal and external eye structures in order to detect diseases like glaucoma, cataract or retinal detachment. They are allowed to treat various vision conditions like; near-sightedness, astigmatism, farsightedness and presbyopia. They can also prescribe contact lenses, eye exercises, low vision aids, vision therapy, eye medications and eye glasses.
The other type of eye doctor is an ophthalmologist, they are eye surgeons who are doctors of medicine and have four year training in medical school. They are fully qualified medical doctors and surgeons who can carry out both extensive and intensive medical and surgical exams. They provide eye services such as: vision services like eye examinations, medical eye care for diseases like glaucoma or iritis, eye surgery for conditions like cataract or tumours, treatment of eye diseases that are related to other conditions like diabetes retinopathy or optic neuritis, preventive services on eye injuries or diseases and plastic surgery.
An optician is an eye doctor who works together with both ophthalmologists and optometrists in order to offer eye services but not to perform eye examinations. They have a two year training qualification and are certified by the state where they want to practice. They assist in patient care before or during and after eye examination, procedures and surgeries. Their main role is to evaluate lens prescriptions that are written by ophthalmologists or optometrists, taking facial measurements, dispensing or repairing lens or frames and ordering eye related products.