What is conjunctivitis? Conjunctivitis is an eye disease that is also known as the pink eye. This eye problem mainly affects the conjunctiva which is a tissue that covers the sclera. It covers the white part of the eye and lines the inner part of the eyelid. Conjunctivitis can be caused by bacteria’s, other diseases, viruses and allergens. Conjunctivitis is classified into three major categories that are dependent on the cause of the problem.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by bacteria’s such as those related to sexually transmitted diseases. This type may damage the entire visual system if left untreated. It can be treated via use of antibiotics like eye drops, pills and ointments. Viral conjunctivitis is caused by viruses such as the virus that causes common cold. It is contagious but runs for only a few days just like a cold. Individuals who develop this type should avoid contact with other people, avoid sharing items like towels and wash their hands regularly.

Allergic conjunctivis is an eye problem caused by various allergens like pollen or dust and irritants like chemicals. This type of conjunctivitis can be either seasonal such as pollen allergy or flare up that is through out like dust allergy. It can be treated through use of allergy medications such as anti-histamines.

What is conjunctivitis and its symptoms? Conjunctivitis symptoms are dependent on the cause. Viral conjunctivitis is presented with watery eyes, itchiness and light sensitivity. Bacterial conjunctivitis is described to have symptoms like a sticky discharge that is greenish-yellow in colour. This discharge makes the eyelids to stick on each other. Allergic conjunctivitis is presented with watery eyes, running nose, itchiness, swelling, light sensitivity and stuffiness. Conjunctivitis can be significantly prevented by maintaining proper hygiene as well as avoiding eye irritants through the day. In conclusion, routine eye check-ups are also essential as far as prevention of conjunctivitis is concerned.

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