Becoming an eye doctor is a challenging process since it involves long years of education, hence determination is a MUST requirement. An eye doctor is a person who provides eye care services. There are various eye doctors and they differ depending on their level of education. In order to be an eye doctor one has to make a decision on the type of eye specialist he or she wishes to pursue. The main types of eye health care specialists are: optometrists, opticians and ophthalmologists. They have the same goal, which is to provide the best eye care services. These services involve eye surgery, eye examination, selection and fitting of both eye glasses and eye lenses.

Here is a layout on how to be an eye doctor. Ophthalmologists are Medical Practitioners who have specialized in the visual system. They are fully certified to provide services of the entire visual system, which involves prescription of glasses to eye surgery procedures. In order to be a licensed ophthalmologist one is required to attend a medical school for a bachelor’s degree for four years and residency training in both medical and surgical eye care for four years. Qualified ophthalmologists can choose to specialize in a specific area such as neuro-ophthalmology.

Optometrists are referred to as doctors of optometry; they offer the following services: eye examination, diagnosing, treating and managing eye diseases and disorders. They can also offer pre and post-surgical eye care and can also prescribe vision aids, eye glasses and contact lenses. A qualified optometrist must have a degree from an optometry college after his undergraduate degree. Lastly, opticians are eye technicians and they are classified based on the following categories: dispensing opticians and manufacturing opticians. They have a two year technical degree and they are trained to read prescription written by ophthalmologist and optometrists. They dispense eye wears such as eye glasses. Addition, opticians repair and adjust eye glasses.

Eye diseases may cause damage to the visual system and may lead to total blindness. There are several eye disorders that affect many Australians and they include the following: glaucoma, cataract, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, amblyopia, conjunctivitis among others. In order to avoid losing your vision either partially or completely there are a few tips one can follow. Maintaining healthy eyes is important since our daily activities are dependent on our vision.

Eye doctors in Australia have time and again urged Australians to seek for eye check-ups in order to avoid any chances of eye blindness. This will help in the diagnoses of eye diseases earlier before they deteriorate the entire visual system. Eye check-ups will involve procedures such as pupil dilation and screening. Through screening conditions such as diabetes and glaucoma are diagnosed earlier hence early treatment is provided. This is important, since many eye disorders do not have warning signs and symptoms. Detection of such diseases will ensure there is early treatment hence prevention of vision loss.

Australians should find out their family eye health history in order to determine any history of eye diseases. This will enable eye doctors to determine whether or not you are at a high risk of developing an eye problem. Proper diets rich in vegetables and fruits are essential for strengthening your eye muscles. Ensure that you obtain enough sleep, this will avoid eye strain. Doing various eye exercises will ensure that your eye muscles are relaxed hence able to focus properly.
Individuals diagnosed with eye diseases should not use eye drops or ointments without consulting an eye doctor. Ocular hygiene is important for consistent eye health. Moreover, ocular hygiene requires a person to do the following: do not share items such as towels and use disposable wipes to clean the eyes-this will ensure that there is no spread of eye diseases due to contamination.

Common eye disorders cause damage to the human eye; such disorders are such as amblyopia which is defined as the dimming of eye vision. Cataract is another common eye disorder that forms a clouding on the eye lens which makes it dense hence unable to transmit light properly. The other known disorder is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation on the conjunctivas blood vessels.

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the conjunctiva. It occurs when an abnormal curvature of the cornea develops and causes two focal points to fall in different locations. Other common eye ailments include: retinal detachment, macular degeneration, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.

In order to maintain perfect eye vision, persons should avoid various factors that may cause danger to the eyes; such factors do include the following. Exposure to ultraviolet light may effectively cause eye disorders such as cataracts. Ophthalmologists recommend that individuals should wear sunglasses or brimmed hats in order to decrease the amount of light concentrated to the eyes. Eyestrain is the other factor that can injure the eye making the eye muscles tired. This causes discomfort, poor eye focusing and fatigue which may lead to glaucoma.

Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of obtaining various eye disorders due to the complications associated with diabetes. The most common eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy which involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. Such an eye problem deteriorates a person’s vision and may lead to total blindness. In order to avoid such eye problems, patients should control diabetes by consuming healthy diets, proper medications, controlling blood sugar levels and body exercise.

In order to avoid developing any eye disorders, eye doctors advise people to go for regular eye check-ups. This will help in the prevention as well as eradication of any chances of contracting eye diseases.

Healthy eyes are important since they enable people to have clear visions of their surroundings and also help them to carry out their daily activities. In order to avoid poor visions, Australians should know the risk factors that lead to eye disorders.

These risk factors include the following: irritant materials, dust, ultraviolet rays, and intense light. Sydney eye hospital doctors recommend their patients to follow various eye care tips which include: Have regular eye check-ups, visiting an eye doctor is important because some eye diseases silently develop without you noticing them. Various eye diseases such as glaucoma and age related macular degeneration present few or no possible warnings, but via check-ups they can be detected early enough and treated before they become severe.

Proper diet should be put into consideration, ensure your diet consists of fruits, vegetables and carrots. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fish are highly recommended. Health diets also enable you to maintain a healthy body weight. Obese patients are at a high risk of developing certain diseases like diabetes that may lead to potential eye problems. Such patients can develop glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy.

The other tip suggested by Sydney eye hospital doctors involves the utilization of protective eyewear such as goggles or eye guards that are designed to protect the eyes during certain activities that are executed in polluted environments. Individuals should wear safety glasses when performing certain activities like sports. Sunglasses that can block up to 99% of both ultraviolet A and B radiation will also protect your eyes from direct ultra violet rays that are released by the sun.

Smoking is a risk factor that causes eye problems like age related macular degeneration and cataracts hence Australians should quit smoking. Remember to also give your eye some rest by blinking and not focusing on one object for long hours in order to reduce eyestrain and fatigue.

Unlike other body organs, the eyes are the most delicate ones. You can actually lose your eye sight in a blink of an eye. Recent researches carried out by eye specialists from Sydney, Australia have indicated that eye problems have been on the rise.

The main causes of eye complications consist of: poor hygiene, hence a person is exposed to microorganisms which in turn causes the various eye problems ; eye injuries obtained during sports and when working in industries; and denial of some minor eye conditions which might potentially lead to some adverse eye complications.

Eye complications in Australia can be prevented and managed only if each and every individual considers eye health as an important factor. Eye doctors from Sydney Eye hospital have been conducting seminars meant to educate the Australians on the importance of regular eye check-ups. Basically, eye check-ups are the best methodologies in identifying and establishing the roots of various eye complications.
Refractive eye problems are among the commonest ones and they include: presbyopia-this complication is defined by the inability of the eye lenses to focus on close objects; astigmatism-this is a refractive error that results into blurred vision; hyperopia-defined by reduced vision of closer objects; and myopia-defined as a refractive error where the eye is incapable of bending properly.

There are other eye complications which are progressive and they develop from a given stimuli, such problems include age and persistent use of a computer. Computer users who sit in front of their PCs for long hours are prone to fall victims of eye complications. Age on the other hand has been a contributing factor as far as cataract is concerned.

As mentioned earlier; microorganisms and eye injuries are major causes of most of the common eye problems. The collective causes of eye difficulties are: Herpes simplex-this virus damages the retina, the condition itself is the acute retinal necrosis; Bacteria keratitis-this problem involves the contamination of the cornea by a common bacterial located in the mouth, on the skin and in the nose; chlamydia-this problem can potentially lead to conjunctivitis and consequently lead to eye complications when a person touches the infected genital areas and afterwards touches the eyes without cleansing the hands.

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Creative Commons License photo credit: Hamed Saber

The Sydney Hospital and Sydney Eye Hospital, the first hospitals in Sydney Australia provides various sheets of basic facts and information about eye problems and possible sources and causes of common eye problems. It provides descriptions of different eye disorders and methods on how to prevent blindness. These facts are based on medical experts and health practitioners’ opinion. It aims to give information to people on how to take care of your eyes and how to detect an eye ailment by observing and finding relevant symptoms. It also gives information on how to take care of the eyes that have been infected. The Eye Hospital provides answers to the most frequently asked questions regarding eye disorders. There are also suggested first aid treatments on particular eye disorders to relieve the patient in case of emergencies.

Other information provided are vision tips on how to be able to drive safely. There is also information given about visual development of infants that could be helpful enough on parents on what to expect as the baby ages. The Sydney Eye Hospital disclaims that these information provided should not be use to aid medical eye services. Diagnosis and medication of eye disorders should be done by professional medical doctors.