Professor Gerard Sutton

Our peak body the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmology  have indicated that now is the time if you have cataracts or other problems to go and get them sorted out, so, at the Sydney Eye Hospital Foundation where interested in your eye health and would encourage you to go back and see your eye specialist.

Eye diseases may cause damage to the visual system and may lead to total blindness. There are several eye disorders that affect many Australians and they include the following: glaucoma, cataract, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, amblyopia, conjunctivitis among others. In order to avoid losing your vision either partially or completely there are a few tips one can follow. Maintaining healthy eyes is important since our daily activities are dependent on our vision.

Eye doctors in Australia have time and again urged Australians to seek for eye check-ups in order to avoid any chances of eye blindness. This will help in the diagnoses of eye diseases earlier before they deteriorate the entire visual system. Eye check-ups will involve procedures such as pupil dilation and screening. Through screening conditions such as diabetes and glaucoma are diagnosed earlier hence early treatment is provided. This is important, since many eye disorders do not have warning signs and symptoms. Detection of such diseases will ensure there is early treatment hence prevention of vision loss.

Australians should find out their family eye health history in order to determine any history of eye diseases. This will enable eye doctors to determine whether or not you are at a high risk of developing an eye problem. Proper diets rich in vegetables and fruits are essential for strengthening your eye muscles. Ensure that you obtain enough sleep, this will avoid eye strain. Doing various eye exercises will ensure that your eye muscles are relaxed hence able to focus properly.
Individuals diagnosed with eye diseases should not use eye drops or ointments without consulting an eye doctor. Ocular hygiene is important for consistent eye health. Moreover, ocular hygiene requires a person to do the following: do not share items such as towels and use disposable wipes to clean the eyes-this will ensure that there is no spread of eye diseases due to contamination.

Common eye disorders cause damage to the human eye; such disorders are such as amblyopia which is defined as the dimming of eye vision. Cataract is another common eye disorder that forms a clouding on the eye lens which makes it dense hence unable to transmit light properly. The other known disorder is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation on the conjunctivas blood vessels.

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the conjunctiva. It occurs when an abnormal curvature of the cornea develops and causes two focal points to fall in different locations. Other common eye ailments include: retinal detachment, macular degeneration, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.

In order to maintain perfect eye vision, persons should avoid various factors that may cause danger to the eyes; such factors do include the following. Exposure to ultraviolet light may effectively cause eye disorders such as cataracts. Ophthalmologists recommend that individuals should wear sunglasses or brimmed hats in order to decrease the amount of light concentrated to the eyes. Eyestrain is the other factor that can injure the eye making the eye muscles tired. This causes discomfort, poor eye focusing and fatigue which may lead to glaucoma.

Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of obtaining various eye disorders due to the complications associated with diabetes. The most common eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy which involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. Such an eye problem deteriorates a person’s vision and may lead to total blindness. In order to avoid such eye problems, patients should control diabetes by consuming healthy diets, proper medications, controlling blood sugar levels and body exercise.

In order to avoid developing any eye disorders, eye doctors advise people to go for regular eye check-ups. This will help in the prevention as well as eradication of any chances of contracting eye diseases.

Unlike other body organs, the eyes are the most delicate ones. You can actually lose your eye sight in a blink of an eye. Recent researches carried out by eye specialists from Sydney, Australia have indicated that eye problems have been on the rise.

The main causes of eye complications consist of: poor hygiene, hence a person is exposed to microorganisms which in turn causes the various eye problems ; eye injuries obtained during sports and when working in industries; and denial of some minor eye conditions which might potentially lead to some adverse eye complications.

Eye complications in Australia can be prevented and managed only if each and every individual considers eye health as an important factor. Eye doctors from Sydney Eye hospital have been conducting seminars meant to educate the Australians on the importance of regular eye check-ups. Basically, eye check-ups are the best methodologies in identifying and establishing the roots of various eye complications.
Refractive eye problems are among the commonest ones and they include: presbyopia-this complication is defined by the inability of the eye lenses to focus on close objects; astigmatism-this is a refractive error that results into blurred vision; hyperopia-defined by reduced vision of closer objects; and myopia-defined as a refractive error where the eye is incapable of bending properly.

There are other eye complications which are progressive and they develop from a given stimuli, such problems include age and persistent use of a computer. Computer users who sit in front of their PCs for long hours are prone to fall victims of eye complications. Age on the other hand has been a contributing factor as far as cataract is concerned.

As mentioned earlier; microorganisms and eye injuries are major causes of most of the common eye problems. The collective causes of eye difficulties are: Herpes simplex-this virus damages the retina, the condition itself is the acute retinal necrosis; Bacteria keratitis-this problem involves the contamination of the cornea by a common bacterial located in the mouth, on the skin and in the nose; chlamydia-this problem can potentially lead to conjunctivitis and consequently lead to eye complications when a person touches the infected genital areas and afterwards touches the eyes without cleansing the hands.

Soudeh under Serum
Creative Commons License photo credit: Hamed Saber

The Sydney Hospital and Sydney Eye Hospital, the first hospitals in Sydney Australia provides various sheets of basic facts and information about eye problems and possible sources and causes of common eye problems. It provides descriptions of different eye disorders and methods on how to prevent blindness. These facts are based on medical experts and health practitioners’ opinion. It aims to give information to people on how to take care of your eyes and how to detect an eye ailment by observing and finding relevant symptoms. It also gives information on how to take care of the eyes that have been infected. The Eye Hospital provides answers to the most frequently asked questions regarding eye disorders. There are also suggested first aid treatments on particular eye disorders to relieve the patient in case of emergencies.

Other information provided are vision tips on how to be able to drive safely. There is also information given about visual development of infants that could be helpful enough on parents on what to expect as the baby ages. The Sydney Eye Hospital disclaims that these information provided should not be use to aid medical eye services. Diagnosis and medication of eye disorders should be done by professional medical doctors.