What is glaucoma? Glaucoma is an eye disease that affects the optic nerve hence causing a progressive and complete vision loss. The optic nerve is the main nerve of vision; it receives light from the retina and transmits it to the brain for interpretation as vision. This type of eye disorder develops progressively; it begins with the loss of the peripheral vision and then loss of the central vision. Due to its slow development process symptoms may go unnoticed hence the condition is termed as the silent vision killer. Glaucoma blocks the drainage system of the eyes clear fluid hence leading to fluid build up and increased eye pressure. Due to this the optic nerve deteriorates and if left untreated total blindness may result.
What is glaucoma and its various forms? Glaucoma is classified into two main types that is, the open and closed angle glaucoma. The closed angle glaucoma is also termed as acute angle closure glaucoma. It is presented with immediate pain and eye discomfort which ensures quick treatment hence prevention of vision loss. The open angle glaucoma is also referred to as chronic glaucoma. This form develops slowly and the individual may not notice since he or she may not feel any discomfort. This leads to vision loss hence eye doctors recommend regular check ups in order to avoid such occurrences.
Other types of glaucoma include: low tension glaucoma, prigmentary glaucoma, secondary glaucoma and congenital glaucoma.
What is glaucoma and its presented signs and symptoms? Glaucoma patients mainly present with the following signs and symptoms. Eye pain, nausea, vomiting, blurry vision and halos around light. Individuals who have this signs should seek medical attention. Treatment methods for glaucoma depend on the severity of the condition. These forms of treatment involve glaucoma surgery, medications such as eye drops and the laser treatment.