Conjunctivitis also known as pink eye is an eye condition characterized as an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin membrane that covers the white part of the eye known as the sclera and the internal surface of the eyelids. The conjunctivas blood vessels produce mucus which moistens and protects the eye. If irritated the blood vessels enlarge making the eye to redden. Individuals develop conjunctivitis when they come into contact with discharges from the eye or nose of a person with the condition. They can also obtain the disease by coming into direct contact with fingers or objects that are contaminated.

People with conjunctivitis exhibit the following signs and symptoms: Eye redness, swelling of the eyelids, photophobia, eye pain, eye itchiness, and crusts on the eyelid, blurred vision, excess tears and production of a discharge that is thick yellow. This eye disorder can be caused by allergies such as hay fever. Various bacteria’s and viruses that cause infections, includes sore throats, cold or sexually transmitted diseases. Pink eye can also be caused by substances such as chemicals that irritate the eye.

There exist several types of conjunctivitis and they include: viral-conjunctivitis is the most common and highly contagious; it is caused by viruses that cause cold. Bacterial-conjunctivitis-it is characterized as a red eye that produces excess puss. It is caused by bacterial infections and it is contagious. Allergic-conjunctivitis-this condition develops when the body reacts with an irritant. It is different from the other types since it is not contagious.

Conjunctivitis can be treated through use of antibiotics, such as eye drops and ointments. Infected individuals can apply warm compresses in order to soothe the discomfort caused by the virus or bacteria. Removal of irritants or allergens that cause the infection can help in treating pink eye effectively.

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