An eye disease is an ailment that invades or alters the anatomy of the eye; it alters with its function of seeing. Their most common eye diseases are: macular degeneration, thyroid eye disease, cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Macular degeneration is an age related disease that results from sharp and central vision damage. It is classifies into two forms that is the wet and dry forms, the wet form occurs when their abnormal blood vessel growth under the macula. This leads to bleeding, leaking and scarring which results into loss of the central vision. The dry form occurs during the aging process when the macula thins overtime, but is slow in progression unlike the wet form.

Thyroid eye disease occurs in patients with Hashimoto’s disease, it is an autoimmune disease that is also associated with Graves’s disease. It is presented with signs like; eye pain, itching, impaired vision, inflammation and double vision. Treatment is via use of eye drops and eye ointments. Cataract is also an eye disease that is characterized as cloud in the eye lens which may lead to blindness. Treatment of cataract is its removal through surgery.

Glaucoma is a disease that alters with the optic nerve which leads to vision loss and may lead to blindness. It is into classes that is, open angle and closed angle glaucoma. Alteration of the optic nerve results to accumulation of fluid that increases eye pressure. Glaucoma is referred to as a slow thief of sight since it progresses slowly and the end result is blindness. Strabismus is an eye disease that makes the eye to either cross in or turn out; it is associated with the imbalance of eye positioning. It can lead to total vision loss if the two eyes do not focus on the same image.

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease associated with diabetes, it occurs due to the blood vessels of the retina. It affects both eyes and can lead to blindness, to low the risk of getting this disease patients have to manage diabetes via good control of their blood sugar, lipid abnormalities and blood pressure.

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