The human eyes are not only delicate but also precious; hence, one should take all possible measures to ensure that they are always safe. Ophthalmology is one of the most extensive fields associated with eye health. Medically, Ophthalmology refers to a wide medical branch that is associated with the structures of the eye and the various eye problems and eye disorders. The person who studies this field is referred to as an ophthalmologist. Ophthalmologists are highly trained medical practitioners with the capacity of executing both medical and surgical eye procedures and treatment.

Individuals who opt to study Ophthalmology are required to undertake comprehensive training before they can fully be certified to operate as qualified eye specialists. An ophthalmologist is initially required to undertake undergraduate courses; the courses are meant to introduce a trainee to the medical school curriculum. The medical college training will consume an equivalent of three years of the trainee’s time. After the undergraduate courses, the trainee will be required to join a medical school for a time span of four years. In the medical school, the trainee will be taken through a series of ophthalmological practices.

Once an ophthalmologist has accomplished the medical school training, he or she is required to undertake at least three years of residency training. Through residency training, the trainee is able to acquire considerable knowledge on eye health. The individuals, who successfully accomplish Ophthalmology courses, are licensed based on the state/ city they are in. Some of the constituent courses of Ophthalmology include: diploma in ophthalmic technology, doctor of medicine in Ophthalmology, and master of philosophy in Ophthalmology.

The incorporated subspecialties in Ophthalmology include: glaucoma-this field incorporates the treatment and management of glaucoma; cornea-this field is tailored towards the diagnosis as well as the control of corneal problems; and ophthalmic plastic surgery-this field incorporates the use of oculofacial plastic surgery technique.

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