An eye disease can either be minor or fleeting, it can lead to loss of vision if left untreated their different types which differ in their symptoms, causes and treatment. Astigmatism is an eye disease that occurs at the eyes cornea and lens which leads to blurred vision. It mainly occurs when the lens becomes more oval than round, these results due to factors like pressure of the eyelids at the cornea. It is diagnosed via use of the comprehensive eye examination. It is adjustable and it can be adjusted via use of eye glasses or contact lenses.

Retinal detachment is an eye disease that results from the spread of a small tear this occurs when the retina separates from the back of the eye. Total blindness may result if left untreated; it can result due to; aging, eye injury, myopia, inheritance and complications after eye surgery. Treatment is via surgical repair and should be done immediately it is diagnosed.

Diabetic retinopathy is a disease of the eye that occurs due to diabetes mellitus, it develops when blood sugars are low and are poorly controlled. It is a leading cause of blindness in Australia; it mainly affects the retina by changing the walls of the small blood vessels resulting to edema, hemorrhage and micro aneurysms.

Due to less oxygen supply to the retina new blood vessels that are weak form and they lead to internal bleeding hence vision loss results. It can be treated via self-care that is weight control, taking of proper diabetic diet, taking the prescribed diabetic drugs and monitoring blood sugar levels. Ophthalmologists should be consulted immediately when vision changes occur in order for them to advice you on the form of treatment to use.

Conjunctivitis is an eye disease that affects the conjunctiva which is a membrane that lines the eye-lids and its function is protection, this disease makes it to swell, itch and becomes red. It can be transmitted from one person to another, it is caused by; allergies, bacteria’s, viruses and environmental irritants. Immediate treatment is recommended since the worsening of the disease may lead to corneal inflammation and complete loss of vision.

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