Their various eye conditions and the major ones are: cataract, glaucoma, diabetic eye conditions and macular degeneration. The other conditions include; amblyopia, strabismus and colour blindness. Cataract is a clouding that forms at the eye lens and interferes with the central vision; its treatment is via removal by getting a surgery. Aging people are prone to the condition and this causes them to have blurred vision, get sensitive to light and colour blindness which may lead to blindness.

Diabetic eye condition is also in the class of eye conditions, diabetes as a condition affects the eye and can lead to blindness. Diabetes affects the retina that results to a condition known as diabetic retinopathy which is of three stages depending on how severe the condition is. The three stages are: background diabetic retinopathy, maculopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Macular degeneration is among the age related eye conditions that alter with the central vision and it is a common cause of blindness. It is in two forms that are wet and dry forms; they involve the growth of abnormal blood vessels behind the retina which leads to leakage hence, damage of the macula. Common symptoms presented with this condition are: blurred vision, colour impairment and dark patches in the vision. The risk factors that may lead to this condition are: aging, smoking cigarettes, genetics, sunlight and high blood pressure.

Glaucoma is an eye condition that is classified into two that is, open angle and closed angle glaucoma. This condition alters with the optic nerve which leads to increased eye pressure and loss of vision or blindness arises. Open angle glaucoma blocks the drainage channels of the eye hence increased eye pressure results which lead to eye pain and loss of vision. Closed angle glaucoma blocks the flow of the fluid to the eye, which leads to blindness but can be treated via glaucoma surgery.

Other eye conditions are: amblyopia which is also named as the “lazy eye”, it occurs when the anatomy of the eye does not develop fully during early childhood. It leads to the brain and eye not working together and a drooping eyelid results which causes blurred vision. If not treated at this stage blindness may occur.

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