Common eye disorders cause damage to the human eye; such disorders are such as amblyopia which is defined as the dimming of eye vision. Cataract is another common eye disorder that forms a clouding on the eye lens which makes it dense hence unable to transmit light properly. The other known disorder is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation on the conjunctivas blood vessels.

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the conjunctiva. It occurs when an abnormal curvature of the cornea develops and causes two focal points to fall in different locations. Other common eye ailments include: retinal detachment, macular degeneration, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.

In order to maintain perfect eye vision, persons should avoid various factors that may cause danger to the eyes; such factors do include the following. Exposure to ultraviolet light may effectively cause eye disorders such as cataracts. Ophthalmologists recommend that individuals should wear sunglasses or brimmed hats in order to decrease the amount of light concentrated to the eyes. Eyestrain is the other factor that can injure the eye making the eye muscles tired. This causes discomfort, poor eye focusing and fatigue which may lead to glaucoma.

Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of obtaining various eye disorders due to the complications associated with diabetes. The most common eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy which involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. Such an eye problem deteriorates a person’s vision and may lead to total blindness. In order to avoid such eye problems, patients should control diabetes by consuming healthy diets, proper medications, controlling blood sugar levels and body exercise.

In order to avoid developing any eye disorders, eye doctors advise people to go for regular eye check-ups. This will help in the prevention as well as eradication of any chances of contracting eye diseases.

Fred Hollows was a famous ophthalmologist from Australia, he was known all over the world due to his work of re-establishing people’s eyesight. Fred was born in the year 1929 on the 9th day of April in Dunedin New Zealand. At first he wished to be a missionary due to his religious family but after working in a mental hospital he decided to venture into medicine. He enrolled for medicine in the University of Otago where he trained for five years that is from 1951 to 1955. Hollows later moved to Wellington hospital for one year and then joined the Auckland hospital where he worked as a house surgeon.

In 1961 Fred went to Moorfields eye hospital in England to specialize in ophthalmology. He later returned to Australia where he became the head of the eye department at hospital in Sydney. In Sydney, Fred Hollows visited various states such as the New South Wales and communities like Aboriginal. He was concerned on the large population of Aborigines who had various eye defects like trachoma which caused total blindness. He decided to set up the known Aboriginal Medical service in Redfern, a suburb in Sydney. He provided eye care, conducted eye defect surveys, diagnosed patients and offered treatment including operations to patients with eye defects for three years.

Fred Hollows was also responsible for the founding of the Royal Australian College of ophthalmologist in order to establish the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program. Fred visited various countries such as Eritrea and Vietnam where he trained local technicians to perform eye surgery. Fred organised various intraocular lens laboratories in Eritrea and Nepal for the manufacture and selling of lenses at a cost effective price. On the 3rd of September 1992 the Fred Hollows Foundation was launched in Sydney as a charitable organization which continues to provide eye care to the less privileged up to date.

Conjunctivitis is one of the most irritating eye problems that most people in Australia experience every now and then. The disorder is described by an acute inflammation of the conjunctiva (a thin transparent tissue). Statistically, the disorder is considered as a common condition, hence it is contagious. The disorder is mainly caused by the following factors: allergies to specific substances; viral/ bacterial infections; and blocked tear duct in infants.

Nonetheless, the condition is treatable. The conjunctivitis treatment plans that one can employ include both over the counter medication and homemade medication. In most cases one is advised to consult a doctor in the event that the following symptoms show up: itchiness, soreness, and redness of the eye/ eyes; moreover, the eye/ eyes may become watery and gritty. Eye doctors will significantly prescribe over the counter medication, such as lubricant eye drops.

On the other hand, you may individually evaluate the symptoms and establish the root of the problem on your own. Once you are certain that you have conjunctivitis, you can go ahead and make use of the homemade remedies. There exist various homemade conjunctivitis treatments that one can use; the following are the best homemade conjunctivitis treatment procedures that one can use. Honey and milk: obtain small portions of warm milk and honey; have the two ingredients mixed together in a small bowl; stir the mixture; obtain the resulting solution and use it in form of eye drops; use the medication at least twice a day.

Coriander-obtain at least fifty grams of dried coriander; have them boiled effectively; squeeze the coriander to obtain the liquid; let the liquid cool; you can either use the liquid in form of drops or use the liquid to wash your eyes; repeat the procedure at least twice a day in order to attain the best results. The two homemade conjunctivitis treatments will definitely eliminate the effects of conjunctivitis.

Conjunctivitis is a common eye condition also known as the pink eye which is characterized as an inflammation of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin mucous membrane that covers the white part of the eye; it lubricates and coats the eye surface. People who obtain this condition develop enlarged blood vessels after irritation of the conjunctiva which makes the eye red. This condition can be identified when a person has the following signs and symptoms: pus-like discharge, redness, sensitive to light, experiences a burning and scratchy feeling.

Conjunctivitis is classified into three categories depending on the cause and they involve: Bacterial conjunctivitis-which is caused by various bacteria such as staphylococci or streptococci. Individuals who obtain this type of conjunctivitis tend produce a sticky discharge which makes the eyelids to get stuck on each other. This type is contagious; it is treated through the use of antibiotic eye drops and ointments.

Viral conjunctivitis is mainly caused by adenovirus which also causes common cold. This virus can cause an epidemic of conjunctivitis since it can easily spread between people. Allergic-conjunctivitis arises due to exposure to plant pollen grains or grass; the condition may affect those people who are allergic to animals, dust mites or cosmetics. It is mainly common in individuals who have allergic conditions such as asthma, eczema and hay fever.

Reactive conjunctivitis-this condition is also known as chemical or irritant-conjunctivitis and it develops when one is exposed to certain irritants such as smoke, foreign objects, cosmetics, contact lens solutions, chlorine in swimming pools, intense light and injuries. This specific condition can be treated by rinsing off the irritant with water for about five minutes.

Conjunctivitis is preventable; people should do the following to avoid it; washing of hands regularly, not sharing towels or flannels, avoid touching your eyes and avoid sending your child to school if they are infected.

Colour blind test is important since it enables people to determine whether they have a colour vision deficiency or not. In Australia, most tests are used in job recruitments for various jobs such as a pilot and during enrolment of police officers. Colour blindness is an eye condition in which the human eyes are unable to differentiate certain colours. The most common type is the red-green colour blindness while the blue type is rare.

There are various colour blindness tests conducted in Australia and they include the following: The Ishihara plates colour blindness test. This method consists of plates that are of various coloured circles and they show a number which can only be identifies by people who are not colour blind. It mainly shows whether you have the red-green colour blindness but it does not show its severity.

The plates make up various test designs such as; the transformation plates in which colour blind persons see a different figure from those with normal vision. Vanishing plates, the figure in this test can only be identified by people with a normal colour vision. The hidden digit plates consist of a figure that can only be seen by people who have a colour vision problem. Lastly there is the diagnostic plate which determines the type and the severity of the colour blindness an individual has.

The other type of colour blind test is the Farnsworth dichotomous test (D-15) which belongs to the colour arrangement tests category. In this category the tests are based on various colours, the D-15 test consists of fifteen colours which are made up of up to one hundred different hues. Normally it is arranged in a correct order and individuals are required to choose a tester which will determine the type of colour blindness they are suffering from. In order to determine whether you are colour blind or not, you are advised to visit an eye doctor for a conclusive eye examination.

Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine that involves the study of the anatomy, physiology and eye diseases. Persons who specialize in ophthalmology are known as ophthalmologists, they are known to be specialists in both medical and surgical eye problems. They are medical specialists since they diagnose and treat eye diseases; they are also eye surgeons since they perform eye operations.

Ophthalmologists are trained to diagnose and treat eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration. They are well conversant with the use of eye equipment’s like microscopes that are used for eye examination. They are also trained on how to prescribe treatments including contact lenses and medications.

In order to specialize in ophthalmology, one needs to complete high school and then obtain an undergraduate degree that will enable him or her to attend a medical college for four years. After completing medicine school a person can now specialize in ophthalmology for three years.

There are various subspecialties learners can undertake after the three years’ training. One can opt to add an extra year in order to undertake extra training that involves the following; glaucoma treatment, paediatric ophthalmology or reconstructive eye surgery.

Learners who complete training are required to pass various examinations in order to obtain their practise licences and to be certified by the state he or she is practising eye care in. Those who are certified are authorized to practise as eye doctors. Individuals who further specialize are at a higher probability of obtaining a highly paying job.

Ophthalmology is among the high paying careers, since the annual basic salary an ophthalmologist earns is convincing. The salary layout is as follows: eye doctors with one year experience get an income of approximately 200,000 dollars, and those with a five year experience earn an average pay of 230,0000. Ophthalmologists with a ten year experience obtain a wage of 260,000 dollars and lastly those with an experience of more than ten years are paid an approximate salary of 340,000 dollars.

The eye care exhibited by individual eye Hospital in Sydney has widely indicated the great changes that Australian eye care centres have been able to achieve so far. Over the years, eye specialists across Australia have been closely observing most of the individual eye disorders and eye problems presented to them by patients. Eye specialists have studied most of the eye problems and disorders. Thanks to the intensive research and financial input, the eye specialists have been able to engage most of the cases either in form of eye treatment or in form of sophisticated eye surgeries.

Individual Hospital in Sydney operates under given norms; the norms include the following attributes. The provision of highly sophisticated and successful treatment plans to most of the eye patients. With the modern treatment plans, individual eye care facilities are able to obtain more members and donations from different concerned parties. The donations delivered to these hospitals are usually used in the purchase of new equipment among other important accessories. In addition, the hospitals use their sophisticated equipment in saving the vision of so many people.

Each and every eye Hospital in Sydney has emerged with specialized facilities. The specialized facilities are mainly used in the expansion of eye care and treatment in Sydney and Australia at large. Other specialized facilities are used as rehabilitation centres for people with diminished vision. Moreover, other additional facilities are used as medical colleges/ universities.

Through such educational facilities, the individual eye hospitals are able to train reliable as well as effective eye specialists. The impact of eye hospitals in Sydney has been recognized by almost everyone, both individual Australians and organizations.

The existence of good and reliable eye Hospital in Sydney has significantly reduced the risks of eye disorders and eye problems among the Australian population. Conclusively, doctors have been urging patients to go for eye check-ups in order to eliminate any possibilities of a person losing his or her eye sight.

Colour blindness is an eye condition also known as colour vision deficiency. It is described as the inability to perceive different colours under normal lighting conditions. This condition develops due to the absence of a colour sensitive pigment in the cone cells of the retina which is the nerve layer at the back of the eye. Cones are important since they enable the eye to see and differentiate colours properly. There are three types of cone cells i.e. those sensitive to red, blue or green light, if any of this cells obtain an error colour sightlessness results.

Colour blindness can be inherited; it results when a genetically defective X chromosome is inherited from a carrier mother. The condition can also occur due to an accident or head trauma that causes permanent damage to the eyes’ retina or optic nerve. Retinal damage can also be caused by the shaken baby syndrome. Exposure to ultraviolet rays, certain medications, degenerative diseases like age related macular degeneration and inherited diseases such as diabetes may lead to colour sightlessness.

There three different types of colour blindness that one may experience and they include the following. The red green form which is common; it mainly involves confusion of red and green colours, individuals can obtain it by inheriting a faulty X chromosome gene as a recessive disorder. The red green colour blindness condition is further classified into two. The first one is where different shades of red appear dull and the second one is where colours like green, orange, red and brown appear the same as hue and can only be differentiated by their intensity. The other types are blue yellow colour sightlessness and total colour sightlessness.

Colour blindness caused by eye diseases or medications is treatable. It can be managed via wearing of coloured spectacle lenses or wearing a single red tinted contact lens on the affected eye. While inherited colour sightlessness is not treatable.

Healthy eyes are important since they enable people to have clear visions of their surroundings and also help them to carry out their daily activities. In order to avoid poor visions, Australians should know the risk factors that lead to eye disorders.

These risk factors include the following: irritant materials, dust, ultraviolet rays, and intense light. Sydney eye hospital doctors recommend their patients to follow various eye care tips which include: Have regular eye check-ups, visiting an eye doctor is important because some eye diseases silently develop without you noticing them. Various eye diseases such as glaucoma and age related macular degeneration present few or no possible warnings, but via check-ups they can be detected early enough and treated before they become severe.

Proper diet should be put into consideration, ensure your diet consists of fruits, vegetables and carrots. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fish are highly recommended. Health diets also enable you to maintain a healthy body weight. Obese patients are at a high risk of developing certain diseases like diabetes that may lead to potential eye problems. Such patients can develop glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy.

The other tip suggested by Sydney eye hospital doctors involves the utilization of protective eyewear such as goggles or eye guards that are designed to protect the eyes during certain activities that are executed in polluted environments. Individuals should wear safety glasses when performing certain activities like sports. Sunglasses that can block up to 99% of both ultraviolet A and B radiation will also protect your eyes from direct ultra violet rays that are released by the sun.

Smoking is a risk factor that causes eye problems like age related macular degeneration and cataracts hence Australians should quit smoking. Remember to also give your eye some rest by blinking and not focusing on one object for long hours in order to reduce eyestrain and fatigue.

The retina is defined as the curved black layer of the eye that is covered by light sensitive cells which are shaped like rods and cones. The rods function is to respond to dim light while the cones recognize various colours such as red, green and blue. When light enters the eye via the pupil it is focused by the cornea and the eye lens. The picture formed falls on the retina and the information is transmitted to the brain through the optic nerve. Retina problems will tend to affect the normal functionality of the eye.

The most common retina problems include the following: Retinal detachment, which is an eye condition that can lead to blindness of the affected eye. Individuals with a detached retina are those with a retina that is separated from the back of the eye. The group that is at a higher risk of obtaining this retina problem is the elderly group. Persons with this kind of problem should seek treatment immediately since the condition may worsen hence making the retina to detach completely. The eye will also be unable to send information through the optic nerve to the brain. Untreated detachment will result to total blindness.

Macular degeneration is also among the various retina problems, it is classified into two classes which are the wet and dry macular degeneration. The most common one is the dry type that results due to the thinning or aging of the macula’s tissue. The wet type occurs due to the development of abnormal blood vessels under the retina and fluid leaking which may lead to a blurred and distorted vision. This condition affects the eyes ability to see details clearly; this is due to the deterioration of the macula tissues.

The other retinal problems include diabetic retinopathy which damages the retina depending on the duration and severity of diabetes; ocular tumours, macular holes, central serous retinopathy and epiretinal membranes.