Common eye disorders cause damage to the human eye; such disorders are such as amblyopia which is defined as the dimming of eye vision. Cataract is another common eye disorder that forms a clouding on the eye lens which makes it dense hence unable to transmit light properly. The other known disorder is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation on the conjunctivas blood vessels.

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the conjunctiva. It occurs when an abnormal curvature of the cornea develops and causes two focal points to fall in different locations. Other common eye ailments include: retinal detachment, macular degeneration, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.

In order to maintain perfect eye vision, persons should avoid various factors that may cause danger to the eyes; such factors do include the following. Exposure to ultraviolet light may effectively cause eye disorders such as cataracts. Ophthalmologists recommend that individuals should wear sunglasses or brimmed hats in order to decrease the amount of light concentrated to the eyes. Eyestrain is the other factor that can injure the eye making the eye muscles tired. This causes discomfort, poor eye focusing and fatigue which may lead to glaucoma.

Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of obtaining various eye disorders due to the complications associated with diabetes. The most common eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy which involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. Such an eye problem deteriorates a person’s vision and may lead to total blindness. In order to avoid such eye problems, patients should control diabetes by consuming healthy diets, proper medications, controlling blood sugar levels and body exercise.

In order to avoid developing any eye disorders, eye doctors advise people to go for regular eye check-ups. This will help in the prevention as well as eradication of any chances of contracting eye diseases.

Dr Nathaniel Knox Cartwright – Corneal Fellow

Every year Sydney Eye Hospital Foundation funds a number of honorary positions within the Sydney Eye Hospital. The Foundation pays the salary on the fellows for a period of 12 months while they work at the Sydney Eye Hospital. This is made possible thanks to the generous donations of our many supporters.

If you are interested in becoming a Sydney Eye Hospital Fellow you can read about the available positions and application process on our Fellowships page.


Dr Nathaniel Knox Cartwright – Corneal Fellow

Dr Nathaniel Knox Cartwright – Corneal Fellow
From the UK, Nat Knox Cartwright started at the Sydney Eye Hospital in July 2012. Nearly all of his ophthalmology training, including his just completed Cornea Fellowship, was in Bristol. He hopes to learn from the different clinical and surgical approaches taken by the consultants at Sydney Eye Hospital and will be applying for consultant posts in the UK on his return.


Dr Manju Meena – Oculoplastic Fellow

Dr Manju Meena - Oculoplastic Fellow
Dr Manju Meena comes to us from India and started the Oculoplasty Fellowship in Sydney Eye Hospital in October this year. She completed her ophthalmology training in New Delhi and also completed an Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology Fellowship from LV Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, India in 2010. She hopes to learn facial reconstruction, aesthetics and cultural diversities and plans to apply her skills for patient care back home in India.


Dr Avinash Gurbaxani – Professorial Fellow

Dr Avinash Gurbaxani – Professorial Fellow
Dr Avinash Gurbaxani is the Uveitis and Medical Retina Fellow working with the Professorial Unit. He has trained at Moorfields and St. Thomas’ Hospitals in London as well as the Oxford Eye Hospital. He plans to return to work as a Uveitis MR consultant in the UK after his Fellowship.


Dr Ee Ling Ang – Graham Lovett Vitreoretinal Fellow

Dr Ee Ling Ang trained in Vitreoretinal surgery at Penang Hospital, Malaysia. She will return to Malaysia in February, after a year of comprehensive training in medical and surgical retinal diseases in Sydney Eye Hospital, to run the Vitreoretinal Unit at Penang Hospital.


Dr Kapil Bhatia – Dr Eddie Donaldson Vitreoretinal Fellow

Dr Kapil Bhatia – Dr Eddie Donaldson Vitreoretinal Fellow
Dr Kapil Bhatia began his Vitreo Retinal Fellowship in Sydney Eye Hospital in August 2012. He completed his ophthalmology training in New Delhi, India and completed a Vitreo Retinal Fellowship at LV Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, India in 2010. He hopes to learn not only clinical and surgical skills but also learn more about culture and language diversities and will return to start his own practice in India.

An ophthalmologist is an osteopathic doctor, who has specialized in eye care. They do not only deal with the eye but also deal with other visual passageways, the brain and other areas around the eyes. They are fully licensed to perform eye surgery for corrective measures and to also examine, diagnose and treat various eye disorders such as glaucoma, retina disease or cornea diseases. Moreover, they are authorized to prescribe medications, eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Here are the various factors people should consider when choosing an ophthalmologist for eye care services. The eye doctor should have an educational background and the required credentials such as a license of practice. A fully accredited ophthalmologist must have undergone four year training in college, four years of medical training, one year internship and a hospital based residency in ophthalmology for a minimum of three years. In order to be sure that he or she has these requirements, patients should check on the Australians ophthalmology website for clarification.

The next factor to consider is experience, most people prefer experienced personnel since they are proficient in various procedures and diagnoses of eye conditions. Choose an eye doctors who has handled volumes of procedures and has been in practice for many years. This is recommended since such professionals are able to identify eye disorders and resolve them appropriately. Select a doctor who offers the best patient care.

Check the doctor’s advertisements and confirm with other clients who have been treated by him or her. Ask about the technology used, whether he or she is conservative in eye treatment and the type of care provided; whether it is pre-operative or post- operative. Etiquette and convenience is also an important factor. This can be analysed through the treatment you receive from both the doctors and the employees from the eye care centre you approach. Lastly ensure that the cost is affordable and also the ophthalmologist accepts insurance participation.

Most people wonder whom to visit when they have vision problems. Initially, you need to understand the different types of eye doctors and the services they offer in order to clear your mind of any uncertainties. There are three main eye specialists whom one can consult and they include: ophthalmologist, optometrist and optician. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who have been trained to provide both medical and surgical eye care. They have undergone four year training in medical school plus a one year internship and three year training in ophthalmology.

Ophthalmologists can opt to add one extra year for a subspecialty area in eye care like glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology or refractive ophthalmology. Ophthalmologists offer the following services: eye check-ups, diagnosing and treating eye problems, prescribing medications, contact lenses and sunglasses. They also perform eye surgeries on various eye defects. Individual eye care institutions such as the Sydney Eye Hospital are known to have the best ophthalmologists.

The second most important eye doctor is known as an optometrist, this type of doctor has graduated from optometry school. But he or she never attends medical schools like ophthalmologists. He or she is trained to examine, diagnose, treat and manage eye diseases, injuries and disorders. The degree training program in optometry takes four years and persons who attain the degree are licensed by the state in which they practise eye care.

Optometrists are authorised to prescribe glasses, contact lenses, diagnosing and treating patients with certain ocular diseases. The third important eye doctor is an optician; opticians are professionals who have a two year technical degree that enables them to work in an optometrists or ophthalmologists office. Opticians are authorised to interpret prescriptions, fit eyeglasses or contact lenses and takes eye measurements in order to ensure that the eyeglasses fit properly. The Sydney eye hospital is one of the best eye care centres where one can get the above services.