Common eye disorders cause damage to the human eye; such disorders are such as amblyopia which is defined as the dimming of eye vision. Cataract is another common eye disorder that forms a clouding on the eye lens which makes it dense hence unable to transmit light properly. The other known disorder is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation on the conjunctivas blood vessels.
Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the conjunctiva. It occurs when an abnormal curvature of the cornea develops and causes two focal points to fall in different locations. Other common eye ailments include: retinal detachment, macular degeneration, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.
In order to maintain perfect eye vision, persons should avoid various factors that may cause danger to the eyes; such factors do include the following. Exposure to ultraviolet light may effectively cause eye disorders such as cataracts. Ophthalmologists recommend that individuals should wear sunglasses or brimmed hats in order to decrease the amount of light concentrated to the eyes. Eyestrain is the other factor that can injure the eye making the eye muscles tired. This causes discomfort, poor eye focusing and fatigue which may lead to glaucoma.
Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of obtaining various eye disorders due to the complications associated with diabetes. The most common eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy which involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. Such an eye problem deteriorates a person’s vision and may lead to total blindness. In order to avoid such eye problems, patients should control diabetes by consuming healthy diets, proper medications, controlling blood sugar levels and body exercise.
In order to avoid developing any eye disorders, eye doctors advise people to go for regular eye check-ups. This will help in the prevention as well as eradication of any chances of contracting eye diseases.