Common eye disorders cause damage to the human eye; such disorders are such as amblyopia which is defined as the dimming of eye vision. Cataract is another common eye disorder that forms a clouding on the eye lens which makes it dense hence unable to transmit light properly. The other known disorder is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation on the conjunctivas blood vessels.

Astigmatism is a common eye condition that affects the conjunctiva. It occurs when an abnormal curvature of the cornea develops and causes two focal points to fall in different locations. Other common eye ailments include: retinal detachment, macular degeneration, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma.

In order to maintain perfect eye vision, persons should avoid various factors that may cause danger to the eyes; such factors do include the following. Exposure to ultraviolet light may effectively cause eye disorders such as cataracts. Ophthalmologists recommend that individuals should wear sunglasses or brimmed hats in order to decrease the amount of light concentrated to the eyes. Eyestrain is the other factor that can injure the eye making the eye muscles tired. This causes discomfort, poor eye focusing and fatigue which may lead to glaucoma.

Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of obtaining various eye disorders due to the complications associated with diabetes. The most common eye problem associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy which involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels on the retina. Such an eye problem deteriorates a person’s vision and may lead to total blindness. In order to avoid such eye problems, patients should control diabetes by consuming healthy diets, proper medications, controlling blood sugar levels and body exercise.

In order to avoid developing any eye disorders, eye doctors advise people to go for regular eye check-ups. This will help in the prevention as well as eradication of any chances of contracting eye diseases.

Colour blind test is important since it enables people to determine whether they have a colour vision deficiency or not. In Australia, most tests are used in job recruitments for various jobs such as a pilot and during enrolment of police officers. Colour blindness is an eye condition in which the human eyes are unable to differentiate certain colours. The most common type is the red-green colour blindness while the blue type is rare.

There are various colour blindness tests conducted in Australia and they include the following: The Ishihara plates colour blindness test. This method consists of plates that are of various coloured circles and they show a number which can only be identifies by people who are not colour blind. It mainly shows whether you have the red-green colour blindness but it does not show its severity.

The plates make up various test designs such as; the transformation plates in which colour blind persons see a different figure from those with normal vision. Vanishing plates, the figure in this test can only be identified by people with a normal colour vision. The hidden digit plates consist of a figure that can only be seen by people who have a colour vision problem. Lastly there is the diagnostic plate which determines the type and the severity of the colour blindness an individual has.

The other type of colour blind test is the Farnsworth dichotomous test (D-15) which belongs to the colour arrangement tests category. In this category the tests are based on various colours, the D-15 test consists of fifteen colours which are made up of up to one hundred different hues. Normally it is arranged in a correct order and individuals are required to choose a tester which will determine the type of colour blindness they are suffering from. In order to determine whether you are colour blind or not, you are advised to visit an eye doctor for a conclusive eye examination.

The eye care exhibited by individual eye Hospital in Sydney has widely indicated the great changes that Australian eye care centres have been able to achieve so far. Over the years, eye specialists across Australia have been closely observing most of the individual eye disorders and eye problems presented to them by patients. Eye specialists have studied most of the eye problems and disorders. Thanks to the intensive research and financial input, the eye specialists have been able to engage most of the cases either in form of eye treatment or in form of sophisticated eye surgeries.

Individual Hospital in Sydney operates under given norms; the norms include the following attributes. The provision of highly sophisticated and successful treatment plans to most of the eye patients. With the modern treatment plans, individual eye care facilities are able to obtain more members and donations from different concerned parties. The donations delivered to these hospitals are usually used in the purchase of new equipment among other important accessories. In addition, the hospitals use their sophisticated equipment in saving the vision of so many people.

Each and every eye Hospital in Sydney has emerged with specialized facilities. The specialized facilities are mainly used in the expansion of eye care and treatment in Sydney and Australia at large. Other specialized facilities are used as rehabilitation centres for people with diminished vision. Moreover, other additional facilities are used as medical colleges/ universities.

Through such educational facilities, the individual eye hospitals are able to train reliable as well as effective eye specialists. The impact of eye hospitals in Sydney has been recognized by almost everyone, both individual Australians and organizations.

The existence of good and reliable eye Hospital in Sydney has significantly reduced the risks of eye disorders and eye problems among the Australian population. Conclusively, doctors have been urging patients to go for eye check-ups in order to eliminate any possibilities of a person losing his or her eye sight.

Colour blindness is an eye condition also known as colour vision deficiency. It is described as the inability to perceive different colours under normal lighting conditions. This condition develops due to the absence of a colour sensitive pigment in the cone cells of the retina which is the nerve layer at the back of the eye. Cones are important since they enable the eye to see and differentiate colours properly. There are three types of cone cells i.e. those sensitive to red, blue or green light, if any of this cells obtain an error colour sightlessness results.

Colour blindness can be inherited; it results when a genetically defective X chromosome is inherited from a carrier mother. The condition can also occur due to an accident or head trauma that causes permanent damage to the eyes’ retina or optic nerve. Retinal damage can also be caused by the shaken baby syndrome. Exposure to ultraviolet rays, certain medications, degenerative diseases like age related macular degeneration and inherited diseases such as diabetes may lead to colour sightlessness.

There three different types of colour blindness that one may experience and they include the following. The red green form which is common; it mainly involves confusion of red and green colours, individuals can obtain it by inheriting a faulty X chromosome gene as a recessive disorder. The red green colour blindness condition is further classified into two. The first one is where different shades of red appear dull and the second one is where colours like green, orange, red and brown appear the same as hue and can only be differentiated by their intensity. The other types are blue yellow colour sightlessness and total colour sightlessness.

Colour blindness caused by eye diseases or medications is treatable. It can be managed via wearing of coloured spectacle lenses or wearing a single red tinted contact lens on the affected eye. While inherited colour sightlessness is not treatable.

Healthy eyes are important since they enable people to have clear visions of their surroundings and also help them to carry out their daily activities. In order to avoid poor visions, Australians should know the risk factors that lead to eye disorders.

These risk factors include the following: irritant materials, dust, ultraviolet rays, and intense light. Sydney eye hospital doctors recommend their patients to follow various eye care tips which include: Have regular eye check-ups, visiting an eye doctor is important because some eye diseases silently develop without you noticing them. Various eye diseases such as glaucoma and age related macular degeneration present few or no possible warnings, but via check-ups they can be detected early enough and treated before they become severe.

Proper diet should be put into consideration, ensure your diet consists of fruits, vegetables and carrots. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as fish are highly recommended. Health diets also enable you to maintain a healthy body weight. Obese patients are at a high risk of developing certain diseases like diabetes that may lead to potential eye problems. Such patients can develop glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy.

The other tip suggested by Sydney eye hospital doctors involves the utilization of protective eyewear such as goggles or eye guards that are designed to protect the eyes during certain activities that are executed in polluted environments. Individuals should wear safety glasses when performing certain activities like sports. Sunglasses that can block up to 99% of both ultraviolet A and B radiation will also protect your eyes from direct ultra violet rays that are released by the sun.

Smoking is a risk factor that causes eye problems like age related macular degeneration and cataracts hence Australians should quit smoking. Remember to also give your eye some rest by blinking and not focusing on one object for long hours in order to reduce eyestrain and fatigue.

Every year Sydney Eye Hospital Foundation funds a number of honorary positions within the Sydney Eye Hospital. The Foundation pays the salary on the fellows for a period of 12 months while they work at the Sydney Eye Hospital. This is made possible thanks to the generous donations of our many supporters.

If you are interested in becoming a Sydney Eye Hospital Fellow you can read about the available positions and application process on our Fellowships page.


Dr Nathaniel Knox Cartwright – Corneal Fellow

Dr Nathaniel Knox Cartwright – Corneal Fellow
From the UK, Nat Knox Cartwright started at the Sydney Eye Hospital in July 2012. Nearly all of his ophthalmology training, including his just completed Cornea Fellowship, was in Bristol. He hopes to learn from the different clinical and surgical approaches taken by the consultants at Sydney Eye Hospital and will be applying for consultant posts in the UK on his return.


Dr Manju Meena – Oculoplastic Fellow

Dr Manju Meena - Oculoplastic Fellow
Dr Manju Meena comes to us from India and started the Oculoplasty Fellowship in Sydney Eye Hospital in October this year. She completed her ophthalmology training in New Delhi and also completed an Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology Fellowship from LV Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, India in 2010. She hopes to learn facial reconstruction, aesthetics and cultural diversities and plans to apply her skills for patient care back home in India.


Dr Avinash Gurbaxani – Professorial Fellow

Dr Avinash Gurbaxani – Professorial Fellow
Dr Avinash Gurbaxani is the Uveitis and Medical Retina Fellow working with the Professorial Unit. He has trained at Moorfi elds and St. Thomas’ Hospitals in London as well as the Oxford Eye Hospital. He plans to return to work as a Uveitis MR consultant in the UK after his Fellowship.


Dr Ee Ling Ang – Graham Lovett Vitreoretinal Fellow

Dr Ee Ling Ang trained in Vitreoretinal surgery at Penang Hospital, Malaysia. She will return to Malaysia in February, after a year of comprehensive training in medical and surgical retinal diseases in Sydney Eye Hospital, to run the Vitreoretinal Unit at Penang Hospital.


Dr Kapil Bhatia – Dr Eddie Donaldson Vitreoretinal Fellow

Dr Kapil Bhatia – Dr Eddie Donaldson Vitreoretinal Fellow
Dr Kapil Bhatia began his Vitreo Retinal Fellowship in Sydney Eye Hospital in August 2012. He completed his ophthalmology training in New Delhi, India and completed a Vitreo Retinal Fellowship at LV Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, India in 2010. He hopes to learn not only clinical and surgical skills but also learn more about culture and language diversities and will return to start his own practice in India.

An ophthalmologist is an osteopathic doctor, who has specialized in eye care. They do not only deal with the eye but also deal with other visual passageways, the brain and other areas around the eyes. They are fully licensed to perform eye surgery for corrective measures and to also examine, diagnose and treat various eye disorders such as glaucoma, retina disease or cornea diseases. Moreover, they are authorized to prescribe medications, eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Here are the various factors people should consider when choosing an ophthalmologist for eye care services. The eye doctor should have an educational background and the required credentials such as a license of practice. A fully accredited ophthalmologist must have undergone four year training in college, four years of medical training, one year internship and a hospital based residency in ophthalmology for a minimum of three years. In order to be sure that he or she has these requirements, patients should check on the Australians ophthalmology website for clarification.

The next factor to consider is experience, most people prefer experienced personnel since they are proficient in various procedures and diagnoses of eye conditions. Choose an eye doctors who has handled volumes of procedures and has been in practice for many years. This is recommended since such professionals are able to identify eye disorders and resolve them appropriately. Select a doctor who offers the best patient care.

Check the doctor’s advertisements and confirm with other clients who have been treated by him or her. Ask about the technology used, whether he or she is conservative in eye treatment and the type of care provided; whether it is pre-operative or post- operative. Etiquette and convenience is also an important factor. This can be analysed through the treatment you receive from both the doctors and the employees from the eye care centre you approach. Lastly ensure that the cost is affordable and also the ophthalmologist accepts insurance participation.

The magnificent developments in technology have widely affected the manner in which eye care is delivered nowadays in Australia. Individual Eye Hospital Sydney, have come up with the appropriate facilities and technology on how to minimize as well as eradicate both existing and emerging eye problems and disorders.

Eye care centres in Sydney are equipped to facilitate the provision of high and quality eye examinations to all Australians. The mission of most of the well-recognized hospitals is to reduce the effects of eye problems. Eye care centres are working hand in hand with patients in helping them retain their stable eye sight. This campaign has been made possible by the provision of highly sophisticated equipment accompanied by highly qualified eye specialists. The major eye specialists working in most of the eye facilities in Sydney include: ophthalmologists, optometrists, and opticians. The three specialists are responsible in combating the various eye cases exhibited by Australians.

Eye Hospital Sydney doctors are committed in each and every service they deliver; in fact, they have been on the up front urging the general population on the importance of eye check-ups. These doctors are constantly updated on the latest inventions (new eye treatments for given eye disorders and new surgical procedures and surgical tools) from other parts of the world. So, be assured that your eye problems can be effectively corrected in Sydney; all you need to do is approach the right eye hospital.

The basic practices of Eye Hospital Sydney include the following. Comprehensive eye check-ups: most of these check-ups include eye examinations and diagnosis; they are done to establish the eye problem in question as well as any possible infection/ injury that may have resulted into such an eye disorder or eye problem. Eye examinations/ check-ups are usually accompanied by eye treatments and eye surgeries which are meant to correct the eye disorders and/or problems.

Cataracts are described by a clouding that grows on the crystalline lens of the eyes that leads to clarity changes hence visual loss. It is an eye disorder that can affect either one or both eyes, but it does not spread from one eye to the other. The eye lens consists of protein contents that are neatly arranged, the clouding begins to develop when the protein contents stick together. When this occurs, the arrangement of the protein contents is broken and the eye loses its transparency.

The main factors that can cause cataracts include: exposure to ultraviolet rays that may damage the lenses protein; exposure to sunlight can lead to senile cataract; smoking of cigarettes may also damage the proteins in the lens; lack of certain vitamins like vitamin C or E; lack of antioxidants like selenium; beta-carotene or lycopene and lastly, various medications such as phenytoin, corticosteroids and cholesterol lowering medications. Other risk factors include; alcohol, age, health problems like diabetes, family history and eye injuries such as cuts, chemical burn, puncture or intense heat.

There are different types of cataracts which are classified depending on their causes or location. They basically include the following. According to their causes there is, congenital cataract which develops during childhood or a child may be born with it. Radiation cataract that develops after a person is exposed to various radiations intensities.

Traumatic cataracts occur after an eye injury and lastly secondary cataract that may occur after a sophisticated eye surgery of other eye problems i.e. glaucoma. Classification according to location: nuclear cataract is the form that affects the central portion of the lens; the cortical cataract is a form of cataract that occurs on the lens cortex making the opacities to be visible; Subscapular cataract is the type that develops at the interior or posterior portion of the capsule. The only effective treatment of most of the eye cataracts conditions is surgery.

Cataract Surgery at Sydney Eye Hospital

Most people wonder whom to visit when they have vision problems. Initially, you need to understand the different types of eye doctors and the services they offer in order to clear your mind of any uncertainties. There are three main eye specialists whom one can consult and they include: ophthalmologist, optometrist and optician. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who have been trained to provide both medical and surgical eye care. They have undergone four year training in medical school plus a one year internship and three year training in ophthalmology.

Ophthalmologists can opt to add one extra year for a subspecialty area in eye care like glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology or refractive ophthalmology. Ophthalmologists offer the following services: eye check-ups, diagnosing and treating eye problems, prescribing medications, contact lenses and sunglasses. They also perform eye surgeries on various eye defects. Individual eye care institutions such as the Sydney Eye Hospital are known to have the best ophthalmologists.

The second most important eye doctor is known as an optometrist, this type of doctor has graduated from optometry school. But he or she never attends medical schools like ophthalmologists. He or she is trained to examine, diagnose, treat and manage eye diseases, injuries and disorders. The degree training program in optometry takes four years and persons who attain the degree are licensed by the state in which they practise eye care.

Optometrists are authorised to prescribe glasses, contact lenses, diagnosing and treating patients with certain ocular diseases. The third important eye doctor is an optician; opticians are professionals who have a two year technical degree that enables them to work in an optometrists or ophthalmologists office. Opticians are authorised to interpret prescriptions, fit eyeglasses or contact lenses and takes eye measurements in order to ensure that the eyeglasses fit properly. The Sydney eye hospital is one of the best eye care centres where one can get the above services.