The eye care specialists at the Sydney Eye Hospital know that a majority of vision loss is preventable or treatable if detected at the early stages. Vision loss can affect people at any time in their lives and uncontrolled diabetes can cause a host of problems in the body including eye problems or loss of sight.
It is crucial that Australians who are diabetic make it a point to get their eyes checked regularly. The blood vessels in the eyes are the smallest in the entire body and are susceptible to many vascular problems. When someone has high blood sugars that are not kept within normal ranges, the vessels in the eyes can become damaged. High blood sugars can cause the eyes to swell, which changes the shape of the lens and affects the ability to see. This damage does not occur from one high sugar meal, but happens when blood sugar levels are not controlled over a period of months.
When your blood sugars are high there is extra glucose floating around in the blood. The extra glucose will bind itself to red blood cells and once bound will not detach from the cells until the red blood cell dies. This prevents the red blood cell from doing its job of carrying oxygen to any cells. Thus, it can take up to three months for all the affected red blood cells to die and be replaced with new ones before the eyes or other organs can begin the healing process and function more normally.
The three most common eye problems that are caused by diabetes issues are cataracts, glaucoma and retinopathy. Cataracts cause a clouding of the eye lens, which creates blurry vision. Cataracts occur happen to others in the population but people with diabetes then to get cataracts earlier and the disease progress at a speedier rate.
If you are diabetic it is very important that you seek treatment for visual problems and follow the directions recommended by your doctor at the Sydney Eye Hospital. Make sure that you get your eyes checked regularly and that you take care of your eyes.