The existence of Sydney eye hospital dates back to 1788. Its mother was known as the Ophthalmic Department of the Old Sydney Infirmary. The first phase of the modern hospital was realized in 1974; this phase was equipped with the latest clinic accessories and research facilities.

Afterwards, the hospital grew immensely to be crowned as the largest and most successful eye hospital in the Southern Australia and its neighbours. The hospital went further and established the University of Sydney. The university is cantered at the hospital territory. The university is known to provide undergraduate training as well as postgraduate training programmes for ophthalmologists both in Australia and abroad.

You can only talk of the best services as far as Sydney eye hospital is concerned. Over the years, the hospital has been on the urge of developing on their service deliveries. Well, depending on the successful deliveries recorded so far, one can effectively state that Sydney eye hospital is the best.

The hospital is incorporated with effective eye outpatient and eye emergency services governed by a very reliable department. This particular department is known to offer all-inclusive ophthalmology services. The ophthalmology services are basically branched into: consultation services; diagnostic services; and treatment services. All the three branches are well equipped with qualified medical personnel who are well-mannered and very welcoming.

The service delivery system at Sydney eye hospital is so far the best in Sydney and most probably across the world. To begin with, the hospital performance is ranked as the most preferred one, especially in complex eye surgeries NSW. The hospital is also an icon in performing the following services: ocular plastic surgery; retinal surgery; and corneal grafting.

The hospital has in the recent time extended its popularity all through Australia and the rest of the world by proving occupational opportunities in a number of fields. The commonest fields in which the hospital offers jobs include: operating theatre nursing jobs; ICU nursing jobs; medical/ surgical HDU nursing jobs; sexual health nursing jobs; surgical nursing jobs; medical nursing jobs; and ophthalmology nursing jobs. All the nursing jobs are very effective and well paying.

Many of us do not have the greatest vision and need medical assistance. The longer you go without receiving treatment, the more likely you are to cause permanent damage to your eyes. There are several easy and free remedies you can perform to increase the health of your eyes. If you feel that your vision is beyond holistic repair, you should visit the Sydney Eye Hospital Foundation.

Before visiting the Sydney Eye Hospital Foundation, you can try using holistic measures to increase the health of your eyes. Please check out the following natural remedies:
1. Blueberries and Yogurt. Blueberries are known to be one of the best things you can eat to increase the health of your vision. They are packed with antioxidants and are believed to prevent macular degeneration in your eyes. This disease is the number 1 cause of blindness in elderly people.
2. Eat Spinach. Spinach will help to prevent nearly any disease. It is loaded with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Spinach is also believed to prevent macular degeneration as well as hundreds of other diseases.
3. Keep Your Eyes Moist. One of the worst things you can do to your eyes is let them dry out. Corneal abrasions will form and could even lead to blindness if left untreated.
4. Avoid Fatty Snacks. Constantly eating foods filled with grease, fat, and sugars can increase the risk of developing macular degeneration.
5. Eat Sweet Potatoes. Sweet potatoes are packed full of Vitamin A. These tasty treats will increase your level of sight at night!
6. Take Multivitamins. Very few of us get all of the nutrients we need in a given day. Taking a multivitamin will ensure we do not develop any vitamin deficiencies that could develop into diseases of the eyes. Vitamin A, and Omega-3 are both very good vitamins for your eyes and should be taken once a day.
7. Take a Walk. Studies suggest that walking decreases intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP is responsible for causing glaucoma. Some patients that started walking regularly were able to decrease the pressure enough to stop taking their medication.
8. Stay Hydrated. One of the first side effects of being dehydrated is having dry eyes. Try to drink at least 4-6 cups of water per day. Drinking water with electrolytes would be an even better idea because it helps to replace important nutrients.
If you’ve tried using these remedies or if you are looking for immediate assistance for your vision you should consider visiting the Sydney Eye Hospital Foundation. They specialize in rehabilitation for patients with poor vision. They have been open for over 100 years and operate 24 hours a day.

Catarata
Creative Commons License photo credit: USP HospitalesGlaucoma is a category of eye disorders that are associated with a dangerous build up of internal eye pressure that can severely damage the optic nerve. They eye’s optic never is what transmits information to the brain and it’s essential to our eyesight. If it is undiagnosed or left untreated or uncontrolled, glaucoma begins by first attacking the peripheral vision causing seeing loss that can eventually lead to blindness. Glaucoma symptoms are rarely visible and can go unnoticed for a long time until vision loss occurs.

It is this invisibility that causes glaucoma to progress undetected until the optic nerve has been damaged, causing varying degrees of permanent vision loss from very slight to very extreme. The symptoms for acute angle-closure glaucoma can occur quite suddenly and show up in the form of blurry vision, halos around lights, intense eye pain, nausea and vomiting. If you or anyone you know is experiencing these types of glaucoma symptoms then make sure you see an eye doctor immediately or visit the emergency room. This will ensure that the proper steps are taken to prevent permanent blindness.

It is also this invisibility that makes it imperative for people to have their eyes examined regularly for glaucoma or other diseases that have serious complications or cause damage. During a routine eye exam, a machine called a tonometer is used to measure they eye’s intraocular pressure (IOP). An abnormally high IOP reading will mean that the eye is producing too much fluid, or it’s not draining properly. Other methods of monitoring glaucoma involve the use of sophisticated imaging technology like lasers, optical coherence and confocal scanning. All of these help to create baseline images and measurements of the eye’s optic nerve and internal structures including the fluid levels.

If you discover that you have glaucoma symptoms your doctor determine what stage you are at prescribe treatment. Treatment can be glaucoma surgery, lasers, medication or eye drops aimed at lowering the IOP. Because glaucoma is often painless and invisible, people may become careless about adhering to their use of eye drops or other treatments. It is important to stick to your treatment plan to control eye pressure and prevent permanent vision loss or blindness.

14 More Days
Creative Commons License photo credit: chrismarYour sight depends on seeing the right eye doctor, so when it’s time to them checked be sure you are booking in with the right eye care specialist for your needs. Ophthalmologists, optometrists and opticians all play an important role in providing top notch care for your eyes, but their level of training and expertise differs quite a bit from one another. Here’s a quick summary of all three types of eye care providers:

An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who specialises in eye and vision care. An opthalmologist differs from both optometrists and opticians because of their level of medical training and what they diagnose and treat. An opthalmologist is licensed to practice medicine and surgery and along with completing college has an additional eight years of additional medical training under his or her belt. An ophthalmologist specialises in diagnosing and treating all eye diseases, performing simple to complex eye surgeries and prescribes and fits eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct vision problems. Many ophthalmologists also include scientific research as part of their professional practice in their desire to search for the causes and cures for eye diseases and vision disorders.

Optometrists are healthcare professionals who provide primary vision care ranging from sight testing and correction to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of vision changes. It is very important to understand that an optometrist is not a medical doctor. Their degree is specifically as a doctor of optometry (OD) after completing four years of optometry school with an additional three or more years of college. Their role in your health care is primarily focused on performing eye exams and vision tests, prescribing and dispensing corrective lenses, detecting eye abnormalities and in prescribing medications for certain eye diseases.

Opticians are technicians who are trained to design, verify and fit eyeglass lenses and frames, contact lenses, and other devices to correct eyesight. They are not permitted to test vision or writer prescriptions nor are they permitted to diagnose or treat eye diseases or disorders. Their role in eye care is to support opthalmologists and optometrists by providing patients with the treatments they have described for vision care. Opticians are not eye doctors.

day 155: infection
Creative Commons License photo credit: estheraseThe number one type of eye infection is commonly known as pink eye, but it’s medical name is conjunctivitis—so named because pink eye infections enter through a part of the eye called the conjunctiva. Conjunctivitis is highly contagious, so it is important to take some precautions if you have this eye infection such as washing your hands regularly, not touching your eyes and ensuring that you don’t share wash cloths or towels. Antibiotic treatment is usually effective in treating this disease and clears up fairly quickly.

Corneal infections enter your eye through the cornea. The cornea usually has excellent barriers, but can be prone to infection if it is torn or injured in some way. The deeper the injury, the more severe the infection. Most corneal infections are caused by staphylococcus or streptococcus. Both are normal bacteria that live either on our eyelids, skin, mouth and nose or inside of our mouth, skin, intestine and upper respiratory tract. Both infections can be very painful and if left untreated can lead to scarring or permanent vision loss. If you have a corneal infection, you should see your doctor right away.

There is another infection to keep your eye out for called blepharitis and it comes in two forms. Anterior blepharitis affects the front of the eyelid where the eyelashes are attached. Common causes for this infection are staphylococcus and scalp dandruff. The posterior one affects the inner eyelid and is caused by oil from acne or scalp dandruff. Symptoms include excessive tearing, burning, itching, sensitivity to light, red and swollen eyelids, red eyes, blurred vision, frothy tears or crusting of the eyelashes. Treatment involves cleaning the crust on the eyelids with a mixture of warm water and baby shampoo. If your blepharitis is severe, antibiotics or steroid eye drops can be prescribed.

The bottom line is to put simple practices in place that can help prevent eye infections and save you from losing your vision. Wash your hands often, avoid sharing towels with others, clean your contact lenses properly, take steps to avoid eye injuries and be sure to see your eye doctor immediately if you think you may have an infection.

Bubble Catcher
Creative Commons License photo credit: Jeff KubinaEye care is an often overlooked, but it remains an important aspect of our personal health and wellness. As we grow older, our eyes go through many changes and should be carefully monitored by a good opthamologist. Selecting a good eye doctor requires just as much care as selecting a general health physician. When shopping for a new eye doctor it is important to find a good specialist who can take care of the overall health of your eyes. Not just your vision problems but to ensure they are equipped to notice changes that could signal a more serious condition or disease.

For example, although glaucoma testing is still present in the procedures found in many local vision centres, a seasoned opthamologist will provide you with eye health care that goes far beyond what is available at your common eye wear outlet. Although one can’t argue with the convenience of getting your eye glasses in an hour, you might not be receiving the kind of attention your eyes need to maintain their health.

An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who specialises in surgical and medical procedures. They are a good choice for anyone with injuries to the eye, eye disease or complicated vision problems. As you age it is important to begin looking for a qualified opthamologist as they are qualified to diagnose, treat and care for common diseases of the eyes and vision.

It is important to understand the difference between an optometrist and an opthamologist. Optometrists are not medical doctors. They are however trained to detect various diseases and malformations of the eye including cataracts and glaucoma. They are not trained, however, to perform eye surgery to correct these diseases, and should be referring clients with complicated diseases to an ophthalmologist.

Most optometrists work with patients with conditions including astigmatism, far-sightedness and near-sightedness. They can prescribe corrective lenses to help improve vision and recommend certain medications for uncomplicated disease of the eye. As you age it is good for your eye health to ensure you have both a good optometrist and a good opthamologist to ensure all of your health needs are met.

Mardi Gras Readers (FRONT PAGE #1)
Creative Commons License photo credit: Graham BlackallA cataract is best be described a clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye that varies from slight to complete opacity that obstructs the passage of light. Cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and is the principal cause of blindness across the world.

There are three different types of cataracts including subcapsular, which occurs at the back of the lens. Those at risk for developing this type are diabetics, far-sightedness or retinitis pigmentosa. People who take high doses of steroid medications are also at a greater risk. A nuclear cataract forms deep inside the nucleus area of the lens, and are specifically associated with aging. A cortical cataract shows white, wedge-like opacities that begin at the periphery of the lens and work their way to the centre like the spokes of a wheel.

It’s not entirely clear why the eye’s lens changes as we age to form cataracts, but researchers have identified factors that may cause or increase the risk of cataracts. One suggestion is that as we age, some of the protein that makes up the lens clumps together and causes a cloud to form in areas of the lens. Typically the protein in our eyes is arranged in such a way as to keep the lens clear in order to let the light pass through.

Other risk factors that might cause cataracts include exposure to ultraviolet rays, other types of radiation, diabetes and users of steroids, diuretics and major tranquilizers. Toxins like cigarette smoke, air pollution and heavy alcohol consumption also pose a risk. Some health and eye care practitioners recommend a diet high in antioxidants like beta-carotene, selenium and vitamins C and E, which may help to delay cataract development.

Vision can be improved with cataracts in the early stages by simply improving your vision with new glasses, strong bifocals, magnification, appropriate lighting or other visual aids. When they have professed far enough that they seriously impair your vision then it would be a could idea to start thinking about surgery. Surgery for cataracts is very successful in restoring vision. Nine out of ten people who have cataract surgery regain very good vision, somewhere between 20/20 and 20/40.

Retinal Images
Creative Commons License photo credit: OberazziMacular degeneration is an eye disorder associated with aging and results in damaging sharp and central vision. The central part of the retina is needed for seeing objects clearly and in fine detail for common daily tasks such as reading and driving. The causes of macular degeneration are unknown, but because it’s extremely rare in people under age 50, the condition is referred to as age-related macular degeneration.

Although there are some known risk factors for macular degeneration there is no clear cause. Research is showing there might be some genetic connection, but other factors will increase your risk. Smoking increases your chances and speeds up its progress. High cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, obesity, and a diet lacking in dark green leafy vegetables and omega-3 fatty acids are also associated with the disease. Women also seem to be at a higher risk.

The diagnosis of macular degeneration is becoming more common due to increased patient awareness, physician access, ground breaking improvements and the growth of the aging population at risk for this condition. Given the increase in diagnosis, macular degeneration is has become a formidable challenge that eye specialists are working to address in delivering treatment to those who suffer from the disease. It continues to be a very important are of research and advanced medical technology as macular degeneration is also one of the leading causes of blindness in people older than 55 years. Due to this high risk of blindness, age-related macular degeneration has become a major public-health concern.

For age-related macular degeneration, you should see an ophthalmogists or medical doctor who specialises in eye care and surgery. Your optometrist can also screen for and diagnose for macular degeneration. It is generally recommended that people older than 45 years have a complete eye examination and then do a follow up every two years. For those who have already been diagnosed with age-related macular degeneration, you should check your vision daily or weekly and promptly notify your doctor of any changes in vision. It should also be noted that because of its specialised nature, macular degeneration is handled and treated best at your ophthalmologist’s office.

P I N T H E B O W L (toilet seat cover at my Opthalmologist's)
Creative Commons License photo credit: Mark BlevisA top priority of any opthalmologist is to ensure that you have no diseases of the eye. Eye specialists want to keep your eyes healthy through regular eye examinations and to ensure that you retain the health function of your eyes for optimal vision. Our eyes are not only the window into our soul but they are the window that allows us to see out into the world.

The function of our eyes is to allow us to see the objects in our surroundings at variable distances and under various conditions of lights. Our eyes are made up of a fairly complex layering of tissue and and structures that enable us to see. Two pockets of transparent fluid—the aqueous and vitreous humours—are what nourishes our eye tissues and help to maintain our eye shape.

The eye is made up of three layers that include an outer protective white coating called the sclera, a middle layer containing blood vessels and the inner layer, or retina, which is the nerve centre that sends information to brain for processing.

The cornea, found at the front of the eye, is a clear section that bends the light rays. The iris, which is an extension of the middle layer, is a spongy, coloured portion of the eye. The pupil is situated in the centre of the iris and is the opening that allows light to enter the eye. The lens is what helps the eye focus the light rays onto photoreceptors, which absorb and convert the light into electrical signals. The optic nerve contains fibres that transmit these signals to the brain for interpretation of the objects seen.

Blindness is defined by the lack of light perception. If a person is completely blind, they suffer from “no light perception.” In order for us to see properly, all the layers and structures of the eye need to be functioning at optimal health. Although recent advances in genetics are allowing us to learn about the root cause of the diseases of the eye, there is still much work to be done in preventing or slowing down the progress of the diseases of the eye.


Creative Commons License photo credit: fran caThe human eye is a complex organ consisting of three layers of tissue that creates a complex process whereby all of us are able to see. When any of these layers are damaged, either through illness or injury, blindness can occur. Many an eye disease or disorder that can affect parts of the eye and cause blindness. There are treatments available for each of the and some more treatable than others.

Cone-rod dystrophy is a progressive disease whereby the rods and cones in your eyes deteriorate over time. This is an inherited eye disease that decreases visual acuity, affects peripheral vision and eventually leads to blindness. Although there is no cure this disease, protecting the retinas from bright light may help to slow down its progression.

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that occurs when the systemic damage caused by diabetes begins to affect the retina. Specifically, the excessive sugar in the blood causes damage to the blood vessels that nourish the retina, which leads to vision loss. The best treatment for diabetic retinopathy is close control of diabetes. If the disease becomes more advanced, patients can undergo eye surgery to protect their sight.

Glaucoma usually occurs when the fluid pressure inside one or both eyes slowly begins to increase. This increase in pressure damages the optic nerve which leads to blindness. Those who are in the early stages of glaucoma often do not have any symptoms. Nearly half of those who are affected by glaucoma do not know they have the disease, which makes it dangerous because the loss of vision can occur without warning. Glaucoma is one of the primary reasons you should have your eyes checked annually.

Cataracts occur when the normally crystal clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy and causes blurry vision, faded colours and difficulties seeing through glare. Cataracts are one of the leading causes of blindness and the risk of developing cataracts increases as we grow older. People with this eye disease can usually cope with it at first using special glasses, magnifying lenses and brighter light, but it should be left untreated. Advanced cataracts can undergo surgery to replace the clouded natural lens with an artificial one.